Saturday, 29 January 2011

An Analytical Study of Metta in Theravada Tradition (7)

            The meaning of mettæ might come into different interpretations depending on several contexts and situation. When the mettæ is within only family members and relatives, it is named love (pema), when it is common to all without any differentiations, it is known loving-kindness. Sometimes, it is involved in social events such as releasing birds and animals, helping the elders and others in need of help, and contributing the assistance to anyone else. Sometimes it is confused between mettæ and pema due to which mettæ is accused of bias. 
            The practice of vegetarianism, the practice of meditation and gaining protection by cultivating mettæ, etc, are embodied in the general functions of mettæ. Even though mettæ has many functions, its reality and identity is not changeable, that is:      selfless love, altruistic love, benevolence, friendliness, welfare, peace and real happiness.


Selected bibliography

-Æcariya Mahæ Boowa Ñæ¼asampanno (2003) Venerable Æcariya Mun Bhþridatta Thera A
Spiritual Biography, Thailand: Silpa Siam Packagin &  Printing Co.Ltd.

-Buddhaghosa Mahæthera (1995) A¥¥hasælinøa¥¥hakathæ (8th Edition), Yangon: Religious affair Press.

-Dalai Lama (2005) How to expand love, New York: Atria Books Press

-Dhammæcariya U Htay Hlaing (1998) Mettævæda, Yangon: Buddha Voice Press

-Donald S. Lopez, JR (2004) Buddhist Scriptures, England: Penguin Books

-Harvey. P (2009) Introduction to Buddhist Ethics, UK: Cambridge University Press

-Harvey. P (2009) Introduction to Buddhism, UK: Cambridge University Press

-Janakæbhivaµsa, Ashin (1979) Thingyobhætæ¥økæ (6th Edition), Yangon: Religious affair Press.

-Janakæbhivaµsa, Ashin [translated by U Ko lay] (1999) Abhidhamma In Daily Life, Yangon: Meikkaung Press.

-Kate Wheeler (2006) The State of Mind Called Beautiful, Boston: Wisdom Publications

- Mahæbuddhaghosa, Bhaddanta (1986) Ka³khævira¼ø a¥¥hakathæ, Religious
Affairs Press House, Yangon.
-Mahasi sayadaw (2006) Brahmavihæra, Yangon: Buddhasæsana society press

-Mahævagga pæ¹i (1997) Yangon: Religious Affair Press

-Megan Tresidder (2004) The language of love, London: Duncan Baird Publishers

-Mehm Tin Mon, Dr (1955) the Essence of Buddha Abhidhamma, Yangon: Shwe Zin Kyaw Press.

-Narada (1993) The Dhammapada [4th Edition], Taipei: the Corporate Body of the Buddha Education Foundation.

-Ñæ¼amo¹i, Bhikkhu (1997) The Path of Purification, Taipei: The Corporate Body of the Buddha Educational Foundation.

-Nærada Mahæ Thera (1975) A Manual of Abhidhamma, Colombo: The Colombo Apothecaries’s Co.Ltd.

-Nina van Gorkom (1975) Abhidhamma in Daily Life, Bangkok: Dhamm Study Group.

-Pæcittiya pæ¹i, 8th Ed (1997) (eighth edition), Religious Affairs Press House, Yangon.
-Sharon Salzberg (2008) Loving-kindness, London: Shambhala Press
-Shwe Zan Aung (1910) Compendium of philosophy, London: Oxford University Press Warehouse.

-Thich Nhat Hanh (2004) True Love, London: Shambhala  Press

-Wijeratne and Rupert Gethin, R.P (2002) Summary of the Topics of Abhidhamma and exposition of the Topics of Abhidhamma, Oxford: The Pali Text Society.

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